As mentioned, wine cooling systems are designed to properly maintain
a constant temperature (between 55 to 57 degrees Fahrenheit) and humidity
levels (between 50 to 70 percent); however, only under the right conditions.
Before installing a refrigerator you will want to have the room, vapor
sealed and properly insulated. Wine cooling systems and models are chosen
based on room size, which is measured in cubic feet (L x W x Ht). Brands
such as WhisperKool, CellarMate, Breezeaire and ChillR
manufacture split and standard cooling units.
Types of wine cellar coolers:
Two main types of wine cooling systems exist and these are: (1) standard
cooling systems and (2) split cooling systems. The less expensive of the
two, the standard cooling system, is much like a built-in or through the
wall air conditioner. This system needs to vent to an adjacent climate controlled
room that is typically as big, or larger than your wine cellar. The split
cooling system is two separate units, the condenser unit and the evaporator
unit. The evaporator is typically wall mounted inside the wine cellar with
the condenser located outside the house. (The two pieces of equipment must
be approximately 50 linear feet apart, which in some cases means that the
condenser will be located within the house).
Split cooling and standard cooling:
Both types of refrigeration systems are popular and choosing one over
the other is a matter of situation and preference. Standard cooling systems
cost less up front, and can be easily installed. Potential drawbacks include
noise factor, and shorter life span (around 5 to 6 years) compared to
a split cooling system. Split systems are useful when dealing with site
difficulties or when additional flexibility is needed. Costs for this
system are higher than standard ones, and to install, an HVAC person must
be hired. However, the lifespan is about 15 or more years.
Brands and Costs:
Here are some of the well known players in the world of wine cellar coolers: